Tag Archives: 1918

March Days

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The March Days, or March Events, refer to an inter-ethnic strife and massacres of up to 12,000[3][4] Azerbaijanis and other Muslims[5] that took place between March 30 and April 2, 1918 in the city of Baku and adjacent areas of the Baku Governorate of Russian Empire.[6]

Facilitated by a political power struggle between Bolsheviks with support of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutiun)[7][8][9] on one side and Azerbaijani Musavat Party on another, the events led to a suppression of Muslim revolt[10] by Bolshevik and Dashnak forces[11][12]and establishment of a short-lived Baku Commune in April 1918.[13]

Azerbaijan officially refers to March Days as soyqırım (‘genocide’).[14][15] Few other sources interpret the March events in the context of civil warunrest.[16] Continue reading

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Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan

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On May 28, Azerbaijani people celebrate the day of Independence.  93 years ago on May 28, 1918 the First  Democratic Republic was established in Azerbaijan and it was also the first Independent Democratic  Republic in all over the East. ADR, the short-lived  independent  government , existed for 23 months, between May 28, and April 28, that was crushed when Soviet Army entered Azerbaijan’s capital Baku less than two years later on April 28, 1920.

The ADR existed during the most turbulent and hard days. Those years were remembered in the memory of our nation as the years of bloody conflicts with Armenia, aggravated by the collapse of the Russian Empire, communist coups, civil war in Russia and the consequences of WW   I. Continue reading

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