Tag Archives: Architecture of Baku


Józef Ploshko – is a Polish architect of the late XIX and early XX centuries, author of multiple architectural projects in Baku.


Józef Ploshko was born in 1867. He studied at the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts, but soon left it and joined the Petersburg University of Civil Engineers. After graduation in 1895, Ploshko was sent to Kiev. Working there for two years, he moved to Baku at the invitation of another Polish architect Jozef Goslawski and took place of local architect at construction department of the Baku city administration. He later became the chief architect of Baku.

Life in Baku

Ploshko was close architect of millionaire Musa Naghiyev, but Murtuza Mukhtarov, Nuri Amiraslanov, the Rylskis – a rich Polish family and others also were among his clients. In 1907, Agha Musa Naghiyev purchased an area in the center of the city, on Nikolayevskaya (at present Istiglaliyyat Street) Street and ordered architect Ploshko to build a public-charity building in memory of his earlier died son. It was the first independent work of Ploshko in Baku – a monumental “Ismailiyya” building built upon the pattern of the Doge’s palace in Venice. This building immediately became one of the main architectural buildings of the city. Now there is a presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan in “Ismailiyya”. Continue reading

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The Ashurbeyovs clan

Bala bey Ashurbeyov with his wife Ismet khanim Ashurbeyovs with their children:(from left to right)Sara khanim, Sitara khanim, Reshad bey, Maryam khanim.

Bala bey Ashurbeyov with his wife Ismet khanim Ashurbeyovs with their children:(from left to right)Sara khanim, Sitara khanim, Reshad bey, Maryam khanim.

The Ashurbeyovs kin is originated from Ashur khan Afshar. Ashur khan was Nadir shah’s relative, and due to it he became governor of Tabriz, then vicar of Azerbaijan during the reign of Nadir shah. In 1743, he participated in suppression of Sam Mirza’s rebellion, who posed himself as the descendant of the Safavids. Nadir shah presented lands in Absheron peninsula, including Sabunchu, Kesha and Zabrat to Ashur khan according to these merits. A lot of members of Ashur bey’s family settled in these possessions.

Ashur khan had five sons: Abdulla bey, Haji Imamverdi bey, Danial bey, Aliyar bey and Allahverdi bey. Ashur bey-elder son of Haji Imamverdi bey possessed Sabunchu and Zabrat villages “on the rights of khan” at the last khan of Baku and at Russian administration. During the Russo-Persian War he supported the dethroned khan of Baku-Huseyngulu khan, who came to Baku with shakh’s army and besieged the city. After suffering defeat in the war the Persian army began to move back to South and Huseyngulu khan followed them and moved to South. The beys supporting the khan came to him and Ashur bey was also among them with his son Ahmed bey and some members of the family. Their property was allocated among his relatives. In 1873, “The Commission of Beys” confirmed the bey origin of this family in the following way: posterity of elder sons of Ashur khan Afshar-Haji Imamverdi bey and Allahverdi bey was recognized in hereditary bey dignity under the surname of the Ashurbeyovs. Further a lot of representatives of this family have Ashurbeyli or Ashurli surname. At the end of the 19th century, large oil fields were discovered in ancestral lands of the Ashurbeyovs, due to which the Ashurbeyovs became one of the richest families of pre-revolutionary Baku. Continue reading

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