The Ashurbeyovs kin is originated from Ashur khan Afshar. Ashur khan was Nadir shah’s relative, and due to it he became governor of Tabriz, then vicar of Azerbaijan during the reign of Nadir shah. In 1743, he participated in suppression of Sam Mirza’s rebellion, who posed himself as the descendant of the Safavids. Nadir shah presented lands in Absheron peninsula, including Sabunchu, Kesha and Zabrat to Ashur khan according to these merits. A lot of members of Ashur bey’s family settled in these possessions.
Ashur khan had five sons: Abdulla bey, Haji Imamverdi bey, Danial bey, Aliyar bey and Allahverdi bey. Ashur bey-elder son of Haji Imamverdi bey possessed Sabunchu and Zabrat villages “on the rights of khan” at the last khan of Baku and at Russian administration. During the Russo-Persian War he supported the dethroned khan of Baku-Huseyngulu khan, who came to Baku with shakh’s army and besieged the city. After suffering defeat in the war the Persian army began to move back to South and Huseyngulu khan followed them and moved to South. The beys supporting the khan came to him and Ashur bey was also among them with his son Ahmed bey and some members of the family. Their property was allocated among his relatives. In 1873, “The Commission of Beys” confirmed the bey origin of this family in the following way: posterity of elder sons of Ashur khan Afshar-Haji Imamverdi bey and Allahverdi bey was recognized in hereditary bey dignity under the surname of the Ashurbeyovs. Further a lot of representatives of this family have Ashurbeyli or Ashurli surname. At the end of the 19th century, large oil fields were discovered in ancestral lands of the Ashurbeyovs, due to which the Ashurbeyovs became one of the richest families of pre-revolutionary Baku. Continue reading